New York Consolidated Law
Article 1 - NY Penal Law
S 1.00 Short title.
This chapter shall be known as the "Penal Law"
S 1.05 General purposes.
The general purposes of the provisions of this chapter are:
1. To proscribe conduct which unjustifiably and inexcusably causes or
threatens substantial harm to individual or public interests;
2. To give fair warning of the nature of the conduct proscribed and of
the sentences authorized upon conviction;
3. To define the act or omission and the accompanying mental state
which constitute each offense;
4. To differentiate on reasonable grounds between serious and minor
offenses and to prescribe proportionate penalties therefor;
5. To provide for an appropriate public response to particular
offenses, including consideration of the consequences of the offense for
the victim, including the victim`s family, and the community; and
6. To insure the public safety by preventing the commission of
offenses through the deterrent influence of the sentences authorized,
the rehabilitation of those convicted, and their confinement when
required in the interests of public protection.
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